ARCHITETTI SENZA FRONTIERE ITALIA
Mbakadou primary school is an ASF-Italia project. Design team is composed by Beatrice Galimberti, Giuditta De Vecchi, Maddalena Ferraresi, Filippo Mascaretti with Francesca Albertoni. The project started in 2013 and it’s still ongoing.
Mbakadou is a Senegalese rural village of 500 people, belonging to the district of Louga, inside the predesertic saharian area.
Mbakadou primary school. Building site of the second classroom
In 2009 Mbakadou’s inhabitants built their first classroom which is also frequented by children coming from other villages located tens of kilometers away. Due to the fact that there’s just one classroom, there’s no separation between class levels.
The existing classroom is having technical problems due to climate conditions, which induce the erosion of external walls and huge indoor overheating. Through Dimbalente Onlus, Mbakadou’s population involved ASF-Italia to solve those problems and to start a sustainable and efficient project for building five other classrooms.
The project provides high-quality bioclimatic performance for Mbakadou Primary School, by using appropriate strategies against desertification and erosion as planting vegetation or using exhausted tires to build wind hedges. A bioclimatic approach guarantees comfort and salubrity inside the building (by considering issues as good orientation, cross ventilation for natural cooling, solar control, and shading devices to avoid overheating).
Construction materials are local and sustainable, such as mud bricks for mansonry and bundles of braided typha, a local grass marsh which is still not widespread but if used for roofing can provide many benefits to indoor conditions, guaranteeing more durability than straw.
The construction will employ appropriate labour: it will be mainly self-construction and will employ both men and women. Training sessions for typha mat and tires hedges will be held, aiming that local involvement will provide new economic possibilities and add value on traditional knowledge. The project imply the construction of a community-based network that can apply and share the acquired knowledge.
The project is conceived to be developed it in 3 phases, according to fundraising, the goal for first phase is building 3 new classrooms. Our purpose for next phases is to make the community more and more independent in the implementation and management of the school construction.
Mbakadou women (directly involved in our project). Photo by Giuditta De Vecchi
The Mbakadou primary school project is led by ASF-Italia together with Associazione Solidarietà Dimbalente (local counterpart), Associazione Insieme (counterpart mediator), and Fondation Sylla Tati Caap (cooperation with the counterpart).
Further information on: www.asfitalia.org